HAGUE CONVENTION INFORMATION
Romania is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption(Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore, adoptions between Romaniaand the United States are governed by the requirements of the Convention and the laws and regulations implementing the Convention in both the United States and Romania. The amended Romanian adoption law went into effect on April 7, 2012. The new law allows for intercountry adoptions of Romanian children by relatives up to the fourth degree of kinship (up to first cousins) and Romanian citizens who are habitually resident abroad. Romania also considers an adoption by the spouse of the child’s birth parent an intercountry adoption and may not permit U.S. citizen step-parents to complete a domestic adoption in Romania. However, under U.S. law, a step-parent adoption (which does not terminate the existing parent-child relationship with both birth parents) is not an intercountry adoption subject to the Convention, and the Convention process does not apply. Instead the child might qualify as a “step-child” under U.S. immigration law. For more information on how to file an immigrant visa petition for a step-child, please visit uscis.gov.
Under the new law, prospective adoptive parents are required to finalize their adoption in Romania (Full article at http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/romania.html )
WARNING: The consular officer will send a letter (referred to as an “Article 5 Letter”) to the Romanian Office for Adoptions in any intercountry adoption involving U.S. citizen parents and a child from Romania where all Convention requirements are met and the consular officer determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States. This letter will inform the Romanian Office for Adoptions that the parents are eligible and suited to adopt, that all indications are that the child may enter and reside permanently in the United States, and that the U.S. Central Authority agrees the adoption may proceed.
Do not attempt to adopt or obtain custody of a child in Romania before a U.S. consular officer issues the Article 5 Letter in any adoption case.
Remember: The consular officer will make a final decision about a child’s eligibility for an immigrant visa later in the adoption process.
Because Romania is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adopting from Romania must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements. A brief summary of the Convention adoption process is given below. You must complete these steps in the following order so that your adoption meets all necessary legal requirements. Adoptions completed out of order may result in the child not being eligible for an immigrant visa to the United States.
1. Choose a U.S. accredited or approved adoption service provider.
2. Apply to USCIS to be found eligible to adopt.
3. Be matched with a child by authorities in Romania.
4. Apply to USCIS for the child to be found eligible for immigration to the United States and receive U.S. agreement to proceed with the adoption.
5. Adopt a child in Romania.
6. Obtain a U.S. immigrant visa for your child and bring your child home.
Embassy of the United States of America
4-6, Dr. Liviu Librescu Blvd.
District 1, Bucharest
Tel: (+40) 21 200-3300
Fax: (+40) 21 200-3442
Main Embassy website
District 1, Bucharest
Tel: (+40) 21 270-6000
Fax: (+40) 21 200-3505
E-mail Visas: VisasBucharest@state.gov
E-mail American Citizens: email@example.com
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures:
National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
Tel: 1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833)
For questions about filing a Form I-800A or I-800 petition:
National Benefits Center
Tel: 1-877-424-8374 (toll free); 1-816-251-2770 (local)
Notice: Agency Authorization Required by Romanian Law
The Romanian Office for Adoptions (the Office) reported to the U.S. Embassy in Bucharest that it will allow private non-profit organizations accredited in the foreign receiving country to transmit documents in intercountry adoption procedures provided that they are also authorized by the Office. U.S. accredited agencies that would like to work on behalf of U.S. prospective adoptive parents adopting children from Romania should submit a request for authorization to the Office with the following documents…(please see full details at http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/alerts-and-notices/romania-2.html