The F2B visa category is a family-sponsored immigrant visa petition that may be filed by a U.S. Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The adult unmarried sons and daughters (age 21 and over) of LPRs are classified in the F2B category.
The F1 visa category is a family-sponsored immigrant visa petition that may be filed by a U.S. Citizen. An F1 visa petition is filed for unmarried sons and daughters.
Visa Category Conversion: When Does It Happen?
Visa category conversions happen when there are changes in certain personal circumstances of petitioners or beneficiaries.
F2B – F1 Conversion
In F2B cases, when the LPR petitioner naturalizes, this results in the mandatory visa reclassification of the petition. The F2B visa petition will be converted to the F1 visa category, retaining the same priority date.
However, because of unique circumstances, in the Philippines the waiting period for the F1 category is longer than the F2B category.
Under Section 6 of the CSPA, the applicant can request exemption from the automatic conversion of the visa category from F2B to F1 by submitting to the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS) a written statement that he elects to have such conversion revoked.