F2B to F1 Conversion (IV)

QUICK QUESTIONS

The F2B visa category is a family-sponsored immigrant visa petition that may be filed by a U.S. Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  The adult unmarried sons and daughters (age 21 and over) of LPRs are classified in the F2B category.

The F1 visa category is a family-sponsored immigrant visa petition that may be filed by a U.S. Citizen.  An F1 visa petition is filed for unmarried sons and daughters.

Visa Category Conversion: When Does It Happen?

Visa category conversions happen when there are changes in certain personal circumstances of petitioners or beneficiaries.

F2B – F1 Conversion

In F2B cases, when the LPR petitioner naturalizes, this results in the mandatory visa reclassification of the petition.  The F2B visa petition will be converted to the F1 visa category, retaining the same priority date.

However, because of unique circumstances, in the Philippines the waiting period for the F1 category is longer than the F2B category.

Under Section 6 of the CSPA, the applicant can request exemption from the automatic conversion of the visa category from F2B to F1 by submitting to the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS) a written statement that he elects to have such conversion revoked.

 

36 thoughts on “F2B to F1 Conversion (IV)

    • The F1 visa category is for unmarried sons or daughters, aged 21 or above, of American citizens. Unmarried children of American citizens under the age of 21 fall in the IR2 visa category.

      • Hi, I am writing on behalf of my mother. Would my sister who is over 21 and a widow be considered unmarried if my mom were to file a visa petition for her ?

        Thanks,
        Nitin

  1. i have a friend whos married in philippines to a US ARMY. they are married since june 2009.. her husband resigned in the army and decided to use GI BILL to study in portland and have his degree.. he dont have savings …and he only depend on 1400 or 1600 allowance from the gov a month..

    my question is if he can still get my friend or petition her going to states??

    how long will it takes??

    what visa they need to apply??

    thanks..

  2. Hi good morning,

    My son has been documentarily approved for F2b category since March 4,2011,however his PD is October 2003 Manila, which is not yet current. He passed the California Nursing exam. Unfortunately he could not get his license because he is not present in the US.

    My question is this, since he is consider an skilled specialized worker, can his visa be hasten for having this specialized skill.

    Please tell us if there is other alternative to quicken the process aside from waiting for his PD to be current so that we will be all togeher here.

    Please advise.

    Thanks

    • Hi Bedette. Unfortunately, U.S. immigration law requires that immigrant visa numbers be made available strictly in order of priority date. There is no provision within the law that would allow the numerical limitation to be waived in any individual’s case, regardless of the circumstances.

    • Hi! If you don’t mind, may I know when exactly did you file the petition for your son? My parents are also permanent residents in the US and we are still deciding if they will file a petition for me under F2b category. I was surprised with the October 2003 priority date of your son. Does that mean that if my parents file a petition around this year, the PD won’t necessarily be 2012?? Do you have any idea how long the waiting time for F2b category would be?

      I can’t make up my mind yet because my parents are getting old (they’re in their early 60s), so I really don’t want them to be held back from coming home to the Philippines if ever the petition gets backlogged.

      Thanks in advance!

      • The priority date for an applicant who was petitioned under a family-sponsored visa category, such as F2B (the adult, unmarried son/daughter of a U.S. lawful permanent resident), is based on the date that the petition was filed with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) office.

        U.S. immigration law requires that immigrant visa numbers be made available strictly in order of priority date. However, there is no way we can reliably predict the movement of the cutoff dates, which can advance, remain at a standstill, regress or even become completely unavailable from month to month.

        Currently, Philippine F2B visa numbers are available only for applicants with priority dates before December 8, 2001.

        For information on the movement of priority dates and availability of visa numbers, you may wish to visit our website at http://travel.state.gov/visa/bulletin/bulletin_1360.html, which is updated in the middle of each month.

  3. Good day!
    I am writing in behalf of my parents, both U.S. green card holders for over 6 years now. They’ve been in and out of the US since they acquired their US permanent resident status.
    My parents are currently in the Philippines and are no longer intending to go back to the U.S. as permanent residents. Hence, they desire to convert their green card visa into a tourist visa. Is this possible? What is the procedure to do this?
    Please advice. Thank you very much.

    • Thank you for visiting the VISAtisfied Voyager with your concerns. If your parents wish to surrender their Legal Permanent Resident Cards (greencard), they should contact the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS) office at Embassy Manila. DHS/USCIS Manila may be reached by fax at 301-2208. Your parents may also consult USCIS directly at the public inquiries window (Window 25) at the U.S. Embassy, Monday to Friday, 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 noon. Inquiries may also be sent by e-mail to MPHInquiry.CIS@dhs.gov.

      If an alien intends to stay in the U.S. temporarily, he/she may elect to apply for a nonimmigrant visitor’s (B1/B2) visa. There is no guarantee that the visitor visa application will be successful. The applicant should be prepared to demonstrate that he/she has sufficiently strong familial, social, economic, and/or professional ties that would compel his/her return after a temporary stay in the United States. Information regarding B1/B2 visas is available at the Nonimmigrant Visa (NIV) Unit’s web site at http://manila.usembassy.gov/wwwh3024.html.

  4. im under F2B..but my mother who petitioned me is now naturalized…the problem is..P4 was sent to me few week s back,,ive done my medical exam..and is scheduled for interview on march 12..im having doubts..will i be denied of the US visa on the day of my interview?

    • Ferdinand, if you would like to retain your status in the F2B category, you should request F2B retention from the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS). You may contact the USCIS office in Manila to inform them that you wish to “opt out” of the automatic conversion to F1 and remain in the F2B category. Unfortunately, the application of this opt-out provision is not automatic. USCIS would have to approve your request so you may be reclassified back to your F2B category. Please see our blog post “F2B Retention” for more information: http://blogs.usembassy.gov/philippines/?p=312

    • Thank you for posting a comment on VISAtisfied Voyager, U.S. Embassy Manila’s visa blog. For specific questions related to this case, please send an e-mail to IVManilaReplies@state.gov with the applicant’s complete name and case number indicated. You may also call the Immigrant Visa Unit’s inquiry line at 301-2000, extension 5184 or 5185 during regular business hours.

  5. Greetings!!!

    How do I know if my petition filed by my father is still active? Originally, I was petitioned under F2B (priority date dec.1997) , but I aged out then got married. I believe my case will be converted to F1 to F3, is that correct? Unfortunately, my married life didn’t work as I planned it, me and my wife decided to get an annulment. Then, our petition to annul our marriage was granted last 2010. Does it mean that my category will be now F1? As my recent review of priority dates for F1, their processing PD – July 1997. Do I still need to advise visa center about my status? am I still qualified for F1 category?

    I know my case is so much complicated but I’m hoping you can shed me some light about this matter.

    Thank you in advance and God Bless is all!

    • Thank you for posting a comment on VISAtisfied Voyager, U.S. Embassy Manila’s visa blog. To enable us to be more responsive to your inquiry, please send an e-mail to IVManilaReplies@state.gov with your complete name and case number indicated.

  6. just want to ask im petitioned under FB2 visa, if time will come and i got married does my FB2 will be invalid? What will happen does it takes years again to wait or additional years again ?or my parents will change my status aT US , what requirements are needed?

    • Under U.S. immigration law, the approval of an immigrant visa petition is automatically revoked upon the marriage of a beneficiary accorded preference status as the unmarried son or daughter of a lawful permanent resident (F2B). In other words, if you marry, you will no longer qualify for the F2b category because your civil status will no longer be single. Please keep in mind that there is no immigrant petition category for a married son or daughter of a lawful permanent resident.

  7. hi,
    my mom petition me under F2Bvisa with PD 03aug2007…now my mom is already a citizen and we received a letter stating that my petition is now under F1visa last april 13, 2012. I want to know if my PD will also change and currently what PD they are processing now under F2B and F1 visa.
    thanks

    • Thank you for posting a comment on VISAtisfied Voyager, U.S. Embassy Manila’s visa blog.

      When your petitioner became a United States citizen through naturalization, it resulted in the mandatory visa reclassification of your visa petition from F2B to F1 (the adult, unmarried son/daughter of a U.S. citizen), retaining the same priority date. Philippine F1 visa numbers are currently available only for applicants with priority dates before July 1, 1997.

      Under Section 6 of the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA), an applicant (not the petitioner) can request an exemption from the automatic conversion of the visa category from F2B to F1 by submitting to the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS) office in Manila a written statement that he/she elected to have such conversion revoked. You may reach DHS/USCIS Manila by e-mail at mphinquiry.cis@dhs.gov regarding this matter.

  8. Hi,

    Currently my parents have filled F2B for me they will be green card holder in 1.5 years by the time i will be married and my name will be changed. can u please suggest what happens to file and what should be done?

    • Thank you for posting a comment on VISAtisfied Voyager, U.S. Embassy Manila’s visa blog.

      Please note that at this time there is no immigrant visa category for married sons or daughters of U.S. Lawful Permanent Residents (green card holders). In other words, if you marry before your petitioning parent becomes a U.S. citizen, you will no longer be eligible for an immigrant visa under the F2b category. However, if your petitioning parent becomes a U.S. citizen prior to your marriage, your case will automatically be converted to the F1 category, or adult unmarried sons and daughters of a U.S. citizen. At that time, you are free to marry without jeopardizing your immigrant petition, as your case can be converted to the F3 category (married sons and daughters of an American citizen) upon marriage.

  9. My brother had a priority date of 1995. He lost his F2B category when he got married. Soon after, he had his marriage annulled. His status was never updated in NVC(marriage&annulment) I think. Was the decision for his revoked category final? Can he re-capture his old priority date now that he’s single again? Another concern is that my mother, who petitioned him, wants to become a citizen this year. Will this open the F1 category for my brother or will he have the F1 category under the same priority date once she becomes a US citizen? My mom worries a lot about my brother’s situation and I worry about my mom’s health and condition. Can you please give me an insight on the possibility for my brother applying for the F1 category under the same priority date that my mother originally applied for him although for F2B category back in 1995. Thank you very much. – Proud US Military Service Member

    • Emmanuel, unfortunately when your brother got married, his petition in the F2B category ended. Even if he subsequently got his marriage annulled, the petition cannot be restarted. Your mother can file a new petition for your brother in the F2B category, as he is now unmarried, but he would get a new priority date. Once your mother becomes a U.S. citizen, his category would convert to F1.

    • Thank you for posting a comment on VISAtisfied Voyager, U.S. Embassy Manila’s visa blog.

      In order for us to be more responsive to your concerns, we request you to send your inquiry to IVManilaReplies@state.gov with the applicant’s complete name and case number clearly indicated.

  10. Hi,

    Thanks for your answers above. They are very helpful. However, I still have a question. Will this visa reclassification of petition from F2B to F1 convert automatically by USCIS? Or do I need to file any form to make the change? My mom just became an US citizen in Jun through naturlization, but we haven’t received any notice that my petition category will be reclassified.

    Really appreciate your answer! Thanks a lot!

      • Thanks a lot for the response. I will do so.
        I have another question here. My mom also petitioned my brother at the same time, however, he got married before my mom became a U.S. citizen. Will he be eglible for F3 category with same priority date or he will need to file a new petition to start over? In addition, does he need to update with NVC with his marital status change?

        Thanks so much again in advance!

        Simon

        • For specific information regarding your visa case, you may contact the Immigrant Visa Branch during normal business hours at telephone number (63)(2)301-2000 extensions 5184 and 5185. You may also send an email to IVManilaReplies@state.gov, with the complete name of the applicant and the 10-digit visa case number clearly indicated.

  11. hi im currently under F1 now and had realized that F2B is much faster, my mom is an american citizen as well as a permanent resident. correct me if im wrong but should american citizens get priority first than permanent residents? is there anyway i could be converted to F2B just to make the process faster? or maybe im not understanding this quite. thanks for your time. 10 years is quite long wait.

    • Thank you for your interest in the VISAtisfied Voyager.

      If your petitioner filed your visa petition while she was still a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR), your visa petition is classified under the F2B visa category. Your F2B petition was converted to F1 (the adult unmarried son of a U.S. citizen) retaining your priority date, when your petitioner became a U.S. citizen through naturalization.

      Under Section 6 of the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA), you may request an exemption from the automatic conversion of your visa category from F2B to F1 by submitting to the Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (DHS/USCIS) a written statement that you elected to have such conversion revoked.

      You may wish to pursue this matter with the DHS/USCIS Manila through their public inquiries window (Window 25) at the U.S. Embassy, Mondays through Fridays, from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. Or you can send an email to them at MPHInquiry.CIS@dhs.gov.mphinquiry.cis@dhs.gov.

      However, please note that if your visa petition was filed under the F1 visa category, you just need to wait for your priority date to become current for processing.

  12. Hi, i have a F2A visa petition that was approved years ago, but i married, so i was then moved to F2B, my priority date is May 22, 2003, my mom now is already naturalized, will i move to F1? Could the NVC guarantee me that if I opt to revoke the reclassification, it will be approved?
    As of July 2013, the prioroty date is November 2002, it will just be months before my priority date matures. What could you advise? Please help. Thank you!

    • Thank you for your interest in the VISAtisfied Voyager.
      For specific information regarding your visa case, please send an email to IVManilaReplies@state.gov with your complete name, date and place of birth, and the 10-digit visa case number clearly indicated.

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