Killer Apps in the Gigabit Age

On October 10, 2014, in Science & Technology, by editor1

Pew Research Internet Project. October 9, 2014.

The age of gigabit connectivity is dawning and will advance in coming years. The only question is how quickly it might become widespread. A gigabit connection can deliver 1,000 megabits of information per second (Mbps). Globally, cloud service provider Akamai reports that the average global connection speed in quarter one of 2014 was 3.9 Mbps, with South Korea reporting the highest average connection speed, 23.6 Mbps and the U.S. at 10.5 Mbps. In some respects, gigabit connectivity is not a new development. The U.S. scientific community has been using hyper-fast networks for several years, changing the pace of data sharing and enabling levels of collaboration in scientific disciplines that were unimaginable a generation ago. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2014/10/PIP_KillerAppsinGigabitAge_100914.pdf [PDF format, 55 pages].

Brookings Institution. September 5, 2014.

In June 2014, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Riley v. California, in which the justices unanimously ruled that police officers may not, without a warrant, search the data on a cell phone seized during an arrest. Writing for eight justices, Chief Justice John Roberts declared that “modern cell phones . . . are now such a pervasive and insistent part of daily life that the proverbial visitor from Mars might conclude they were an important feature of human anatomy.” This may be the first time the Supreme Court has explicitly contemplated the cyborg in case law, admittedly as a kind of metaphor. But the idea that the law will have to accommodate the integration of technology into the human being has actually been kicking around for a while. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Research/Files/Reports/2014/09/cyborg%20future%20law%20policy%20implications/cyborg_future_law_policy_implications_FINAL2.pdf [PDF format, 28 pages].

Pew Research Internet Project. August 26, 2014.

A major insight into human behavior from pre-internet era studies of communication is the tendency of people not to speak up about policy issues in public, or among their family, friends, and work colleagues, when they believe their own point of view is not widely shared. This tendency is called the “spiral of silence.” Some social media creators and supporters have hoped that social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter might produce different enough discussion venues that those with minority views might feel freer to express their opinions, thus broadening public discourse and adding new perspectives to everyday discussion of political issues. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2014/08/PI_Social-networks-and-debate_082614.pdf [PDF format, 44 pages].

Congressional Research Service. July 23, 2014.

Commercial deployments of Fifth-Generation technologies by 2020 have been announced by wireless network officials in South Korea and Japan. In July 2014, Ericsson, a global leader in communications technology, demonstrated the speed of its 5G network design to customers NTT DOCOMO (Japan) and SK Telecom (South Korea). The technological advances of these early roll-outs might leapfrog the technologies used by U.S. networks, eroding what is widely perceived as an American competitive advantage in mobile communications.

http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/230060.pdf [PDF format, 2 pages].

Net Threats

On July 7, 2014, in Science & Technology, by editor1

Pew Research Internet Project. July 3, 2014.

As Internet experts look to the future of the Web, they have a number of concerns. This is not to say they are pessimistic: the majority of respondents to this 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing say they hope that by 2025 there will not be significant changes for the worse and hindrances to the ways in which people get and share content online today. And they said they expect that technology innovation will continue to afford more new opportunities for people to connect. Still, some express wide levels of concern that this yearning for an open Internet will be challenged by trends that could sharply disrupt the way the Internet works for many users today as a source of largely unfettered content flows. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2014/07/Future-of-the-Internet_Net-Threats_070314.pdf [PDF format, 40 pages].