The Brookings Institution. December 1, 2014.
The crisis in eastern Ukraine continues to simmer and risks boiling over. Nearly three months after the Minsk ceasefire agreement was signed, Russia has done nothing to implement its terms. Instead, it has deployed more troops and weapons into Ukraine. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Center for Strategic and International Studies. November 2014.
Maintaining international security and pursuing American interests is more difficult now than perhaps at any time in history. The security environment that the United States faces is more complex, dynamic, and difficult to predict. At the same time, no domestic consensus exists on the purposes of American power and how best to pursue them. The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) will look ahead in this annual volume at the crises and opportunities that will likely arise in 2015, how best to deal with them, and what lasting effects they might leave for the next American administration and its allies around the world. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://csis.org/files/publication/141110_Cohen_GlobalForecast2015_Web.pdf [PDF format, 102 pages].
The German Marshall Fund of the United States. October 17, 2014.
This paper examines the possible role energy policy and cooperation will have in collective security. While highlighting various energy-related clashes between Russia and the West, the author cautions against the exploitation of economic parochialism by the United States and Europe and instead calls for the establishment of a more collective and productive European energy sector in the face of Russian resistance. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Council on Foreign Relations. August 28, 2014.
On the eve of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s 26th summit in Wales, CFR’s Janine Davidson says leaders of NATO member countries must prepare to address the rising threat of unconventional warfare: namely, Russia’s “covert, implausibly deniable invasion” of Ukraine and the rampaging ISIS forces in the Middle East. Davidson, who previously served in the Obama administration as deputy assistant secretary of defense for plans, says NATO should be assisting Ukraine with more military aid to deter any further Russian aggression. Regarding the Middle East, she adds her voice to those advocating for U.S. air strikes against ISIS targets inside Syria. “They need to be taken out. That may sound hawkish, but you cannot just attack them in one place and let them go someplace else. Now is not the time to stand back,” Davidson says. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.cfr.org/nato/natos-brave-new-world/p33381 [HTML format].
Congressional Research Service. July 18, 2014.
Many view Russia’s annexation of the Crimean region of Ukraine on March 18, 2014, and efforts to
destabilize eastern and southern Ukraine as the culmination of long-standing Russian resentment of the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union. Russian leaders have claimed they have the right to protect Russian citizens and “compatriots” (those linked by language, culture, or ethnicity) in neighboring countries. In this context, Ukraine may have a particularly important place in Russian history. Ethnic Russians make up over 17% of Ukraine’s population, concentrated in the east and south of the country, and Russian officials have warned that they are willing to intervene militarily to protect them.
http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/229888.pdf [PDF format, 2 pages].