Council on Foreign Relations. August 28, 2014.
On the eve of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s 26th summit in Wales, CFR’s Janine Davidson says leaders of NATO member countries must prepare to address the rising threat of unconventional warfare: namely, Russia’s “covert, implausibly deniable invasion” of Ukraine and the rampaging ISIS forces in the Middle East. Davidson, who previously served in the Obama administration as deputy assistant secretary of defense for plans, says NATO should be assisting Ukraine with more military aid to deter any further Russian aggression. Regarding the Middle East, she adds her voice to those advocating for U.S. air strikes against ISIS targets inside Syria. “They need to be taken out. That may sound hawkish, but you cannot just attack them in one place and let them go someplace else. Now is not the time to stand back,” Davidson says. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.cfr.org/nato/natos-brave-new-world/p33381 [HTML format].
Congressional Research Service. July 18, 2014.
Many view Russia’s annexation of the Crimean region of Ukraine on March 18, 2014, and efforts to
destabilize eastern and southern Ukraine as the culmination of long-standing Russian resentment of the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union. Russian leaders have claimed they have the right to protect Russian citizens and “compatriots” (those linked by language, culture, or ethnicity) in neighboring countries. In this context, Ukraine may have a particularly important place in Russian history. Ethnic Russians make up over 17% of Ukraine’s population, concentrated in the east and south of the country, and Russian officials have warned that they are willing to intervene militarily to protect them.
http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/229888.pdf [PDF format, 2 pages].
The White House. Office of the Press Secretary. July 16, 2014.
“We live in a complex world and at a challenging time. And none of these challenges lend themselves to quick or easy solutions, but all of them require American leadership. And as Commander-in-Chief, I’m confident that if we stay patient and determined, that we will, in fact, meet these challenges.”
U.S. Department of State. Office of the Spokesperson. July 14, 2014.
The United States’ goal throughout the crisis in Ukraine has been to support a democratic Ukraine that is stable, unified, secure both politically and economically, and able to determine its own future. Therefore, we support ongoing dialogue among the foreign ministers from Ukraine, Germany, France, and Russia to work toward a sustainable ceasefire by all parties in the Luhansk and Donetsk regions in eastern Ukraine that would build toward a lasting peace. We should emphasize, however, that our ultimate goal is not just a temporary halt to violence. We want Russia to stop destabilizing Ukraine and occupying Crimea, a part of Ukraine’s territory, and allow all of the people of Ukraine to come together to make their own decisions about their country’s future through a democratic political process.
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/07/229270.htm [HTML format].
The Brookings Institution. June 3, 2014.
As the Ukraine crisis continues, further rounds of sanctions on Russia are being discussed. But the question that still hasn’t been answered is, do sanctions work? For some, the question seems unnecessary. Clearly, sanctions work. Capital is flowing out of Russia, the ruble is losing value, Russian companies have less access to foreign credits, and the country’s GDP is falling. [Note: contains copyrighted material]