Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). November 12, 2013.
During the last year, the United States has lurched from crisis to crisis in the Middle East, including every state in North Africa. Sometimes the focus has been Egypt, sometimes Syria, and sometimes Iran. Iraq and Yemen have surfaced sporadically. Libya has become a garden of conspiracy theories blaming America for the country’s ills, and as for Tunisia and Bahrain, it remains unclear what U.S. policy efforts are intended to accomplish. [Note: contains copyrighted mateial].
http://csis.org/files/publication/131112_chap6_Cordesman.pdf [PDF format, 7 pages].
Congressional Research Service. November 1, 2013.
Since Israel’s founding in 1948, successive U.S. Presidents and many Members of Congress have
demonstrated a commitment to Israel’s security and to maintaining close U.S.-Israel defense,
diplomatic, and economic cooperation. U.S. and Israeli leaders have developed close relations
based on common perceptions of shared democratic values and religious affinities. U.S.
policymakers often seek to determine how regional events and U.S. policy choices may affect
Israel’s security, and Congress provides active oversight of executive branch dealings with Israel
and the broader Middle East. Some Members of Congress and some analysts criticize what they
perceive as U.S. support for Israel without sufficient scrutiny of its actions. Israel is a leading
recipient of U.S. foreign aid and is a frequent purchaser of major U.S. weapons systems. The
United States and Israel maintain close security cooperation—predicated on a U.S. commitment
to maintain Israel’s “qualitative military edge” over other countries in its region. The two
countries signed a free trade agreement in 1985, and the United States is Israel’s largest trading
http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/217470.pdf [PDF format, 47 pages].