Center for American Progress. January 7, 2013.

The War on Poverty created a number of important federal and state initiatives that remain in place today—from Head Start to nutrition assistance to Medicare and Medicaid. These initiatives, coupled with the civil rights advances of the era and the overall strong economy in the 1960s, led to a reduction in the number of people living in poverty from around 19 percent to a historic low of 11.1 percent by the early 1970s. [Note: contains copyrighted material] [PDF format, 66 pages]

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New America Foundation. January 15, 2013.

The recent deliberations in Washington about the fiscal cliff have triggered a national debate in the United States about the nature, extent and future sustainability of key elements of the U.S. social safety net: Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, support for education, the unemployed and the poor. [Note: contains copyrighted material]. [PDF format, 14 pages].

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Urban Institute. July 18, 2012.

The report examines Medicaid and CHIP risk-based managed care over the first decade of the 21st century. It finds that well-established programs exist in 19 of the 20 study states and that most states are seeking to expand their programs to cover more enrollees. In contrast to the early years of development of Medicaid managed care, there is substantial stability in the number and types of plans participating. Programs that currently exist provide a learning laboratory and important lessons for other states in how to develop an effective risk-based managed care program for Medicaid and CHIP beneficiaries. [Note: contains copyrighted material]. [PDF format, 100 pages].

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The Urban Institute. March 2012.

Federal spending on children’s health increased greatly over the past 50 years, although it remained a modest 10 percent of total health spending in 2010. The largest program in the children’s health budget, Medicaid, accounted for $74 billion and 85 percent of all federal spending on children’s health in 2010. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) included provisions that will increase health insurance coverage for both children and their parents. However, the magnitude of the estimated impact of the ACA on children’s coverage depends heavily on the continuation of current Medicaid and CHIP coverage for children. [Note: contains copyrighted material]. [PDF format, 26 pages].