Brookings Institution. March 14, 2014.

Employment prospects for teens and young adults in the nation’s 100 largest metropolitan areas plummeted between 2000 and 2011. On a number of measures—employment rates, labor force underutilization, unemployment, and year-round joblessness—teens and young adults fared poorly, and sometimes disastrously. This report provides a number of strategies to reduce youth joblessness and labor force underutilization. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2014/03/14-youth-workforce/youth_workforce_report_final.pdf [PDF format, 28 pages].

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National Bureau of Economic Research. January 2013.

In 1990, the U.S. had the sixth highest female labor participation rate among 22 OECD countries. By 2010, its rank had fallen to 17th. We find that the expansion of “family-friendly” policies including parental leave and part-time work entitlements in other OECD countries explains 28-29% of the decrease in U.S. women’s labor force participation relative to these other countries. However, these policies also appear to encourage part-time work and employment in lower level positions: U.S. women are more likely than women in other countries to have full time jobs and to work as managers or professionals. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.nber.org/papers/w18702.pdf [PDF format, 19 pages].

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Economic Policy Institute. August 14, 2012.

Over the past year, increasing attention has focused on the prevalence and growth of income inequality in the United States. While soaring incomes at the top of the income distribution have played a large role in these trends, so too has the failure to ensure that lower-income workers earn a fair wage. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.epi.org/files/2012/ib341-raising-federal-minimum-wage.pdf [PDF format, 19 pages].

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The Brookings Institution. July 20, 2012.  

The H-1B visa program allows employers to hire foreigners to work in specialty occupations on a temporary basis. Visas are granted in three-year increments with the option to extend up to six years. With sponsorship from their employers, H-1B visa holders may apply for permanent residence, and their H-1B visas can be renewed for one year extensions until their green card is issued. There is a cap on the number of H-1B visas that can be issued each fiscal year. Academic and research institutions are not subject to this cap. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2012/7/18%20h1b%20visas%20labor%20immigration/18%20h1b%20visas%20labor%20immigration [PDF format, 38 pages].

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