The Arab American Institute. November 26, 2013.
The deal was worked out between Iran and the “P-5+1” – the U.S., the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany. Considering that the U.S. and Iran started high-level negotiations only a few months ago – the first such talks since Iran seized the U.S. embassy and took American diplomats hostage in 1979 – this is a very significant development. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.aaiusa.org/blog/entry/how-to-deal-with-the-deal/ [HTML format].
The White House. Office of the Press Secretary. November 23, 2013.
Addressing the nation from the State Dining Room tonight, President Obama said that the United States — together with close allies and partners — has taken an important first step toward a comprehensive solution that addresses concerns with the Islamic Republic of Iran’s nuclear program.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/11/23/president-obama-delivers-remarks-iran [Video format, 06:55].
Congressional Research Service. November 4, 2013.
A priority of Obama Administration policy has been to reduce the perceived threat posed by Iran
to a broad range of U.S. interests. Well before Iran’s nuclear issue rose to the forefront of U.S.
concerns about Iran in 2003, the United States had seen Iran’s support for regional militant
groups, such as Lebanese Hezbollah, as efforts to undermine U.S. interests and allies. To
implement U.S. policy, the Obama Administration has orchestrated broad international economic
pressure on Iran to try to compel it to verifiably demonstrate to the international community that
its nuclear program is for purely peaceful purposes. Five rounds of multilateral talks with Iran in
2012 and 2013 yielded no breakthroughs but did explore a potential compromise under which
Iran might cease producing medium-enriched uranium (20% Uranium-235—a level not
technically far from weapons grade) in exchange for modest sanctions relief. International
sanctions have harmed Iran’s economy, and the June 14, 2013, first round election victory of a
relative moderate, Hassan Rouhani, appeared to reflect popular Iranian sentiment for a negotiated
nuclear settlement that produces an easing of international sanctions.
http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/217472.pdf [PDF format, 79 pages].
The Brookings Institution. October 14, 2013.
The hints, and they are no more than hints, of an improved Iranian-American relationship have led to some interesting (to put it mildly) reactions from Saudi Arabia. For the first time, the Saudi government gave up its yearly opportunity to present its view of the world in an address to the United Nations General Assembly. The Saudis let it be known that their unhappiness with American foreign policy in the region — on Iran, on Syria, on the Palestinian issue — led to this demurral. Saudi commentators and media have raised the specter of the U.S. selling out Riyadh in a grand geopolitical bargain with Tehran. Are we headed for another “crisis” in Saudi-American relations? [Note: contains copyrighted material].