Migration Policy Institute. July 2013.
There is a well-documented immigrant paradox in education, with children from immigrant families faring better academically and behaviorally than their families’ socioeconomic circumstances suggest that they will. The evidence, however, is largely drawn from high school students. And data on the performance of children entering elementary school are more mixed, raising concerns about the future trajectories of young children of immigrants, especially during the crucial transition between prekindergarten and elementary school. This report examines three types of educational and health policy interventions that may reduce disparities between the children of U.S.-born parents and their immigrant counterparts. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/COI-EarlyAcademicSuccess.pdf [PDF format, 24 pages].
Brookings Institution. June 24, 2013.
The Court’s much-awaited decision in the affirmative action case of Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, announced on Monday, June 24, is a classic example of avoiding the central question.
In three past landmark cases, the Supreme Court declared that racial diversity is a legitimate and constitutional objective of institutions of higher learning. Outright quotas, it said, were impermissible. Rather, measures to promote diversity must be narrowly targeted to that objective. Such measures must be subject to ‘strict scrutiny,’ which in the case of universities means that the burden of proof rests on the university to show what it is doing is as narrowly crafted as possible to achieve ‘diversity.’ [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Congressional Research Service. June 5, 2013.
This report describes and analyzes student loan interest rate proposals that have been made in the 113th Congress to establish new policies for setting the interest rates that borrowers will pay on loans made through the Direct Loan program. The report also highlights some of the perennial tensions that often arise when student loan interest rates are debated. Should federal student loan programs provide below-market or fairmarket interest rates to borrowers? What value is ascribed with providing borrowers predictable fixed monthly payments as opposed to payments that may vary in accordance with market conditions? To what extent should the federal government seek to subsidize loans or borrower repayment and for what subset of borrowers should subsidies be available?
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43094.pdf [PDF format, 40pages].
New America Foundation. May 21, 2013
As the nation struggles to find new ways to increase college access and completion rates while lowering costs, a handful of “Next Generation Universities” are embracing key strategies that make them models for national reform. [Note: contains copyrighted material].