The Heritage Foundation. April 4, 2013.
In order to craft better job policies, it is valuable to understand when, where, and by whom jobs are created. Rigorous data analysis tells us that start-up firms are disproportionate job creators and that new firms tend to appear in cities with smaller incumbent firms. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2013/pdf/ib3891.pdf [PDF format, 3 pages].
RAND Corporation. April 2013.
Across the globe, policymakers view entrepreneurship as a potential route out of poverty, even for the most disadvantaged. Many countries have developed policies to encourage business creation within this group. These dissertation papers explore the role entrepreneurship plays in the lives of the economically disadvantaged in both India and the U.S. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/rgs_dissertations/RGSD200/RGSD297/RAND_RGSD297.pdf [PDF format, 148 pages].
YaleGlobal. October 26, 2012.
The US is highly protectionist on labor and jobs. The country remains a top destination among skilled talent because of its opportunities in education, angel investors and markets. But regulations on visas that allow immigrants to work at US firms increasingly lead to bottlenecks in the application process and career obstacles for individuals in a highly mobile global market for top talent. US law allows no more than 7 percent of the permanent-residency visas to any one nationality, yet Chinese and Indian workers make up half the skilled pool, according to the author. Likewise, US laws are not amenable for the tech startups that begin with a handful of employees. Australia, Canada and the UK are streamlining policies to welcome such entrepreneurs. Chile is offering startup funds and other subsidies to attract tech workers. Countries count on talent to invigorate economies, and the race is on. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Council on Foreign Relations. June 5, 2012.
Entrepreneurship is a primary contributor to job creation and sustainable economic growth, and policies affecting innovation and startup financing have wide ramifications. New firms are often responsible for disruptive products and services that launch entirely new markets and spur employment in high wage industries such as biotech and IT. High-tech startups benefit from innovation clusters such as Silicon Valley, which bring together leading firms, institutions, and venture capitalists, and accelerate job growth in these regions. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Center for Public Policy Innovation. February 2012.
This report identifies key issues and outlines several important policy and regulatory changes impacting the nation’s start-ups and other small businesses. The report follows CPPI’s December 8th Public Policy Forum, which was co-sponsored by the Digital Dialogue Forum (DDF) with support from Dell Inc., Qualcomm and Intuit. CPPI’s event brought leading industry, academic, and government stakeholders together to explore policy changes that would facilitate small business growth by increasing access to capital, technology and global markets. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.cppionline.org/images/CPPI_2012_FINAL.pdf [PDF format, 12 pages].