Congressional Research Service. September 17, 2013.
As estimates for the amount of U.S. natural gas resources have grown, so have the prospects of rising U.S. natural gas exports. The United States is expected to go from a net importer of natural gas to a net exporter by 2020. The possibility of a significant increase in U.S. natural gas exports will factor into ongoing debates on the economy, energy independence, climate change, and energy security. As the proposed projects continue to develop, policymakers are likely to receive more inquiries about these projects.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42074.pdf [PDF format, 31 pages].
Center for American Progress. July 2, 2013.
The structure of the world economy is evolving, with the flow of goods, money, people, and ideas integrating at remarkable speed, and with growth and investment coming increasingly from large and lower-income countries. There is a new geo-economic reality that presents a wealth of opportunities for global growth, but also a wealth of risks to economic well-being now and for the long term. Global economic institutions must evolve as well. The G-20 is leading this charge, but the institution-building has some way to go. As an institution, the G-20 draws its strength from the sense of community fostered among member countries’ leaders and officials. Though all parties have “skin in the game,” coordination to achieve well-known potential welfare gains for the world through stronger, more balanced growth is elusive in this noncooperative world. The central question is: What does the G-20 need to do institutionally to be capable of sustaining cooperation among member countries over the long term? [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/HershG20-INTRO.pdf Summary [PDF format, 8 pages].
http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/HershG20-report.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 44 pages].
YaleGlobal. June 27, 2013.
The goal of sustainability is a clean environment for some, good jobs for others. Confusion is particularly acute in the area of renewable energy as countries accuse one another about unfair competition in solar panels, explains the author. Over-emphasis on manufacturing jobs neglects the jobs associated with design, finance, installation or maintenance. Attempts to monopolize green jobs erode the efficiency offered by global value chains; nations arguing over manufacturing raises costs and reduces availability of renewable-energy systems. Protectionist policies inevitably threaten trade cooperation, jobs and the environment. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/quest-green-jobs [HTML format].
Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. June 20, 2013.
Science and technology have a pervasive influence over a wide range of issues confronting the nation. Public and private research and development spurs scientific and technological advancement. Such advances can drive economic growth, help address national priorities, and improve health and quality of life. The constantly changing nature and ubiquity of science and technology frequently creates public policy issues of congressional interest. This report briefly outlines an array of science and technology policy issues that may come before the 113th Congress.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43114.pdf [PDF format, 42 pages].
YaleGlobal. June 25, 2013.
Delivering on his election pledge to tackle the climate change issue, President Barack Obama today instructed the US Environmental Protection Agency to establish carbon emission standards for both new and existing power plants. Important as this is, the unilateral move will have a limited impact as the world struggles over how to limit carbon emissions, the authors write. Any global plan will lead to economic winners and losers. The authors present a streamlined plan to enlist global cooperation on a carbon budget, emphasizing sustainability, convergence, equality and efficiency. They suggest that a realistic plan should be forward-looking, not striving to repair inequities of the past. The analysis concludes that, to contain emissions, all nations must inevitably sacrifice some growth. [Note: contains copyrighted material].