Congressional Research Service. December 5, 2013.
The 112th Congress continued to take a strong interest in the health of the U.S. research and development (R&D) enterprise and in providing support for federal R&D activities. However, widespread concerns about the federal debt and recent and projected federal budget deficits drove difficult decisions involving prioritization of R&D within the context of the entire federal budget and among competing priorities within the federal R&D portfolio. The U.S. government supports a broad range of scientific and engineering research and development. Its purposes include addressing specific concerns (e.g., national defense, health, safety, the environment, energy security), advancing knowledge generally, developing the scientific and engineering workforce, and strengthening U.S. innovation and competitiveness in the global economy.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42410.pdf [PDF format, 61 pages].
Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. June 20, 2013.
Science and technology have a pervasive influence over a wide range of issues confronting the nation. Public and private research and development spurs scientific and technological advancement. Such advances can drive economic growth, help address national priorities, and improve health and quality of life. The constantly changing nature and ubiquity of science and technology frequently creates public policy issues of congressional interest. This report briefly outlines an array of science and technology policy issues that may come before the 113th Congress.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43114.pdf [PDF format, 42 pages].
U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator. June 2013.
Innovation and creativity have always been the foundation of the U.S. economy, and effective enforcement of intellectual property rights enables the U.S. to promote economic growth, ensure global competitiveness, and protect the health and safety of American citizens. This report, the second Joint Strategic Plan, contains a report on the progress made since the Office of the U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator was established and the Administration’s first Joint Strategic Plan was issued in June 2010, and will guide activities and provide a roadmap over the next three years.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/IPEC/2013-us-ipec-joint-strategic-plan.pdf [PDF format, 92 pages].
Council on Foreign Relations. May 13, 2013.
As the social and economic lives of citizens become increasingly digital, reliable and rapid access to the Internet and its wealth of content has become essential. High-speed Internet broadband is no longer seen as a luxury, but as basic infrastructure. Some experts fear the United States is falling behind other developed nations in broadband adoption and performance, but others say such concerns are often exaggerated and unsupported by analysis. In addition, researchers are divided on the competitive benefit of ever faster access and debate the role of government in supporting broadband development. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
U.S. Government Accountability Office. April 10, 2013.
STEM education programs help to enhance the nation’s global competitiveness. Many federal agencies have been involved in administering these programs. Concerns have been raised about the overall effectiveness and efficiency of STEM education programs. This testimony discusses (1) the number of federal agencies and programs that provided funding for STEM education programs in fiscal year 2010; (2) the extent to which STEM education programs overlap; and (3) the extent to which STEM education programs measured effectiveness and were aligned to a governmentwide strategy.
http://gao.gov/assets/660/653661.pdf [PDF format, 21 pages].